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All About Buah Kurma (Dates)


Buah Kurma (Dates) are a delicious and nutritious fruit enjoyed worldwide. They come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and, most importantly, textures! From the soft and squishy to the dry and crumbly, there’s a date out there for everyone. But what exactly makes a date soft, chewy, or dry?

A Matter of Ripeness

The single biggest factor influencing the texture of a date is its ripeness.

Fresh vs. Dried Dates

Fresh Dates: Freshly picked dates are typically plump and juicy, with a soft and almost jelly-like flesh. They’re highly perishable and not widely available outside of date-growing regions.

Dried Dates: Most of the dates we encounter in grocery stores are dried. Drying concentrates the sugars in the fruit, giving them a longer shelf life but also affecting their texture.

Degrees of Dryness: The Date Drying Process

Dates go through several stages of drying, each resulting in a distinct texture:

Rutab (Colour Change)

In the initial “rutab” stage, the dates begin to lose moisture and their green color starts to change to yellow or brown. The flesh remains quite soft and somewhat sticky.

Kimri (Half-Dried)

As drying progresses, the dates enter the “kimri” stage. They become firmer to the touch, with a slightly chewy texture.

Tamr (Fully Dried)

Dates reach their driest state in the “tamr” stage. They’re firm, chewy, and sometimes even a little crumbly.

Beyond Ripeness: Other Factors Affecting Texture

While ripeness plays the leading role, a few other factors can influence a date’s texture:

Variety: Different date varieties naturally have varying degrees of moisture content, leading to inherent differences in texture.
Storage Conditions: Dates stored for extended periods tend to dry out further, becoming firmer and more crumbly.
Processing Techniques: Some commercially produced dates might undergo additional drying or treatment methods that affect their final texture.

Choosing Dates for Your Taste

With the knowledge of how ripeness and drying affect texture, you can now choose dates that suit your preference:

For a Soft and Chewy Experience: Look for dates labeled “rutab” or “kimri.” Medjool dates are a popular variety known for their soft, almost caramel-like texture.
For a Chewier Date with a Bite: “Tamr” stage dates or Deglet Noor variety dates offer a satisfying chew with a slightly crumbly texture.
For Baking and Cooking: Drier dates can be chopped and used in various recipes. Their concentrated sweetness adds depth of flavor to granola bars, cakes, and energy balls.


Buah Kurma (Dates) are a versatile fruit with a range of textures to explore. From the soft and gooey to the delightfully chewy and crumbly, there’s a date out there for every taste bud. So, next time you’re at the store, consider the different textures available and choose the perfect date to enjoy on its own or incorporate into your favorite recipes!

Key Highlights:

Dates come in a variety of textures, influenced primarily by ripeness and the drying process.
Fresh dates are soft and juicy, while dried dates range from soft and chewy to dry and crumbly.
Different stages of drying (rutab, kimri, tamr) result in distinct textures.
Date variety, storage conditions, and processing can also affect texture.
Choose dates based on your preference: soft and chewy, chewy with a bite, or dry for baking.